Immortalized Human Schwann Cell Line

Case ID:
C05131
Disclosure Date:
12/5/2006
Description:
UNMET NEED
Schwann cells (SCs) play an important role in the pathogenesis of peripheral nerve diseases. However, use of primary human SCs (hSCs) for in vitro models is limited because these cells are difficult to prepare and maintain in high yield and purity under common cell culture conditions.

FEATURES
To circumvent this obstacle, the inventor immortalized primary human fetal SCs using the SV40 large T-antigen and human telomerase reverse transcriptase expression vectors. After cloning, selection, and purification, they evaluated several immortalized SC lines for their ability to express extracellular matrix (ECM) molecules and myelinate embryonic rat sensory axons. In addition, they established a gene expression profile and explored their sensitivity to oxidative stress in a simple in vitro assay. Immortalized hSC clones expressed common glial markers and a broad variety of growth factors, receptors, and ECM molecules as determined by immunocytochemistry, microarray, and quantitative reverse transcription?polymerase chain reaction. In neuron-SC co-cultures, these cells were able to myelinate rat dorsal root ganglia neurons, although their effectiveness was lower in comparison to primary rat SCs. In toxicity assays, immortalized hSCs remain susceptible to oxidative stress induced by H2O2. This study shows that, using specific immortalization techniques, it is possible to establish hSC lines that retain characteristics of typical primary hSCs. These cells are particularly useful for drug screening and studies aimed at disease mechanisms involving SCs.

STAGE OF DEVELOPMENT
Tangible material available. The immortalized human Schwann cells can be used in research to explore function of Schwann cell, but more importantly they can be used for drug screening or other high throughput application that requires an easy steady source of these cells.

DISEASE INDICATION
Nerve diseases

ASSOCIATED PUBLICATIONS
?  Stem Cells Dev. 2012 Feb 10_21(3)_423-31. ?





 
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For Information, Contact:
Christine Joseph
cjoseph6@jhmi.edu
410-614-0300
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